It is the most populous province in the Ecuador Amazon; this is explained by the various oil exploitation. The residents of this area are important ethnic groups like the Cofan, Tetetes, Siennas, Aguaricos, Zaparos, Quijos, Yumbo, Misahuallíes, Agúanos, Payaminos, Sunos and Aucas. To they were joined minority settlers and foreigners. The province is surrounded by the snow-capped volcano Antisana Quilindaña. With great attractions in its mysterious jungle, their broad navigable rivers and tropical vegetation, Napo offers the tourist places of interest like: the City of Tena, which maintains its colonial layout, with the park opposite the main church; Archidona, old city dignified to be visited; Freshwater beaches of Puerto Misahuallí where you'll find many cruises to cross the Napo River; Jumandi's Caves in Archidona; and the Yasuni National Park.
Extention: 11.930 km2.
Borders: North: Province of Sucumbíos, South: Province of Pastaza, East: Orellana, West: Provinces of Pichincha, Cotopaxi and Tungurahua.
Population: 101.000 population. Cantons: Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola, Tena, Archidona, El Chaco, Quijos.
Telephonic Code: (593) 06
Weather: Humid with persistent rain, much evaporation and high temperatures average 25 degrees Tropical. Llluvias 3,000 to 4,000 mm3 and a humidity of 85% to 95% per year. From December to March the weather is wet - dry, as the rainy season is from April to July. From August to November rains
are moderate. The temperature varies between 77 degrees Fahrenheit (5 degrees Celsius).
Natural Resources: Oil exploitation, wood, etc.
Tourist activity: Rainforest, wide rivers, indigenous peoples, etc.
22 of October 1959 – Creation of Napo's province.
15 of November 1560 – Fundation of de Tena.
06 of November 1954 – Fundation of Quijos.
07 of Febrary 1963 – Fundation of Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola.
17 of April de 1884 – Fundation of Tena.
26 of May 1988 – Cantonization of El Chaco.
24 of April 1981 – Cantonization of Archidona.
17 of January 1955 – Cantonization of Quijos.
07 of Agosto 1998 – Cantonization of Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola.
Quichuas of Napo:
To the west of the province, between the Napo and Coca rivers, as well as in the province of Pastaza, there are concentrations of indigenous rainforest. They are known as Napo Quichuas or Amazonian Quichuas or because they share the same linguistic and cultural tradition too. Their number is about 60 thousand members. Its territory is divided into areas called family "llactas" within which each core group has its own plot or "chakra. Their occupations are hunting, fishing and agriculture. Currently many families are engaged in raising cattle and then sell it in the villages. Each family group has a "shaman" called "bank" that is respected in the community and considered the mediator between the spiritual and the human. In the stories of their ancestors the Jumandi warrior who rebelled twice and burned Archidona stands. Today Napo Quichua have land problems due to the advance of colonization.
The Aucas or Huaoranis:
Their territory is located northeast of the Amazon region, between the Napo and Curaray. Are about a thousand people whose livelihood is based on agricultural products, hunting and fishing. Due to the action of missionary groups, most of the Huaorani population is concentrated in an area of 60,000 hectares. The house is rectangular with a gabled roof and covered with woven palm leaves. Inside hang the hammocks and keep hunting utensils and kitchen. They live completely naked but of the civilizing pressure they begins to wear western clothing. Their language is Huao but due to the influence of missionaries begin to adopt the Quichua and Castilian. See our program to visit Huaoranis.
Yasuni National Park:
The Park is an endless succession of small hills, formed by ancient rivers step. It houses one of the most biodiverse ecosystems on the planet, so the UNESCO declared World Biosphere Reserve. It is a natural laboratory that offers the opportunity to learn about tropical systems; The main objectives for its establishment were the need to maintain a representative sample of unaltered Tropical Rainforest, with typical features of the ecosystems of the region and be a food source for indigenous communities. The lack of tourism infrastructure in the area, is offset by wardens and checkpoints in the Tiputini (Pindo) Indillama (Yucca) Yasuni (Tambococha) and Napo (New Rocafuerte) rivers, in which information is provided to the attractions of the area to visitors. This is also home to one of the most important predators in Latin America: the jaguar (Panthera onca), King of the rainforest and of course the park. The Park can be reached by land, air and waterway. To Francisco de Orellana (Coca), it can be reached from Quito by air and road, following the Quito -Baeza-Loreto-Coca road; from The Coca you can internalize the Yasuni sailing canoe down the Napo, Yasuni and Tiputini rivers. See our program to visit the Yasuni National Park.
Llanganates National Park:
Created in 1996, it's located betwen the province of Tungurahua and Cotopaxi, in the highland of Ecuador; and betwenn the provinces of Napo and Pastasa provinces of Tungurahua and Cotopaxi (in Ecuador's highlands) and Napo and Pastaza, in the East. With an area of 219,707 hectares and varying climates being the rain moor to subtropical wet forest. The altitude of the area rises from 1,200 to 4,571 meters above the sea level, with temperatures as altitude, between 3 and 24 degrees Celsius. Typical scenarios of the virgin forest, with streams and huge stones as the Mulatos River and the mighty river Yatunyacu are irresistible attractions for all visitors. The sector most visited of the province is the Habitahua, which is accessed by the Canton Mera.
The Llanganates National Park has great potential for adventure tourism, research, study and recreation. There are large areas that have suffered minimal disruption, especially to the eastern sector, which is an advantage for scientific research. Admission to the park by the bottom is done by the Habitahua routes, leaving the canton Mera, specialized guides and the high Amazon jungle is crossed; and the river of Jatunyacu-Mulatus, part of Tena river and arrives by car to Amuruncache or La Serena.